The University of Toronto Faculty of Law Review is published by students at the Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto with a view to fostering student scholarship and academic citizenship. The Law Review believes that students have valuable contributions to make to legal scholarship, and it is in this spirit that it accepts scholarly contributions from law students, graduate students in law-related disciplines, students-at-law (articling students), clerks at courts in any jurisdiction, and recent law school graduates. The Law Review considers for publication any piece of student scholarship with a substantial legal focus, and it welcomes submissions in September and January for Issue 1 and Issue 2, respectively. Articles with an international focus, however, must have a clear application to Canadian legal literature. Before submitting your work to the Law Review, please carefully read the following submissions policy statement adopted by the editors.
Articles, Case Comments, Book Reviews and Letters
The Law Review welcomes the submission of articles, case comments, book reviews, and letters.
Articles are full length pieces of original scholarship that run from 10,000 to 20,000 words. In the selection of articles, the Editors seek out original work that is persuasive, well-researched, and balanced. Articles may provide a novel perspective on a particular area of law or a timely analysis of recent developments with reference to a legal topic.
Case comments, rather than being mere summaries, should similarly bring a new perspective to bear in the analysis of a case or work of legal scholarship. These pieces generally run from 3,000 to 6,000 words. Case comments may consider recent cases of significance or adopt a new approach to an important, older case.
Book reviews should consider recently published works (within 1 year of the book review's anticipated publication date). A book review should critically evaluate the book's core thesis and identify its contribution to the legal literature. Book reviews generally do not exceed 3,000 words.
Letters are shorter pieces of original scholarship that are more narrowly focused than articles. Letters may focus on a single legal topic or issue of sufficient importance to be of interest to legal scholars outside that particular area of law. The Editors welcome letters that address topics that are timely or of recent import. Letters do not normally exceed 2,000 words.
Along with the Torys Fellowships, the Law Review also awards two writing prizes annually. The Martin L. Friedland Prize is awarded to the best article article written by a student at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law. The Bill Scadding Essay Prize is awarded to the student registered in the University of Toronto Faculty of Law who submits the best essay in Family Law to the Law Review.
Exclusivity of Submission
The Law Review does not accept submissions that are being considered by other journals. Authors must agree not to submit papers submitted to the Law Review for consideration to any other journal until the end of the review cycle into which the paper was entered (generally mid-November for Issue 1 and mid-March for Issue 2).
The Law Review only accepts submissions from eligible students worldwide. You must fall into at least one of the following categories.
- Students-at-law (articling students)
- Students clerking in any jurisdiction
- Students enrolled in a course of study in law that is recognized by the law society (or the equivalent) in the jurisdiction of origin as a pre-requisite to the practice of law as a profession.
- In all common law jurisdictions in Canada, such programs are second-entry undergraduate degrees (LL.B. or J.D.), whereas in Quebec and the UK, such courses are direct-entry undergraduate degrees (e.g., LL.L, or LL.B.). In the United States, all such courses are first professional doctorates (J.D.). If you are unsure of your status, contact email@example.com or check with the bar or law society in your jurisdiction
- Students enrolled in graduate programs (course-based or research oriented) in law (LL.M., B.C.L. (Oxon.), S.J.D., etc.), or graduate-level interdisciplinary programs involving law.
- Recent law school graduates (graduated within the last 10 months from a J.D., L.L.B., L.L.M., B.C.L., S.J.D., etc. program).
- First-year associates
- If you have completed your articling, you may submit a manuscript until the deadline for the next available issue (e.g. if you complete your articles in January, you may submit up to the deadline for publication in the first issue of the year). Please indicate the date when you completed your articling when submitting your manuscript.
The Law Review will review submissions from students who are no longer eligible in the above categories provided that the submission was written during the period of their eligibility, and the submission is sent in close proximity to graduation or the completion of articles/clerking.
The Law Review retains the discretion to accept articles for consideration that were written by an individual that is not an eligible contributing student (as defined above). The Law Review will generally exercise this discretion to review such submissions if an article was previously submitted to the Law Review and the author was encouraged to resubmit a revision to a future volume, if the author's time period for eligibility has only recently elapsed, or if the article has multiple authors with one eligible author and other ineligible authors who have graduated within the last two years. If you are unsure as to whether you are eligible, please do not hesitate to contact our Executive Editor at firstname.lastname@example.org
Eligible Submissions (Timing & Content)
The Law Review accepts papers written in English in all areas of law with relevance to Canadian legal literature.
The Law Review accepts submissions that were written prior to law school if the author is, at the time of submission, an eligible contributing student (as defined above). Additionally, the Law Review accepts submissions following graduation or completion of articles/clerking as long as the work was written during the period in which the author was eligible to submit to the Law Review, and the submission is sent in close proximity to graduation or the completion of articles/clerking.
The Law Review always accepts for consideration papers submitted during the academic year immediately following the academic year during which the author completed his or her course(s) of study. For example, if an author completed an LL.M. at the end of or during the 2015 – 2016 academic year (September 2015 – August 2016) she may submit to either the September 2016 or January 2017 issue.
Manuscripts must use Times New Roman size 12 font, be double-spaced, and submitted in a .pdf file of less than 12 MB. Only electronic submissions will be accepted for review. Incorrectly formatted articles will not be accepted.
Submissions must include your identifying information in the submissions fields on our website portal, including the title of submission, name(s) of author(s), contact information for author(s), and law school or interdisciplinary program of study, articling principal or court of clerkship. The title of submission must be repeated on the table of contents or the first page of the submission without any information that would identify you personally. Any other identifying information must be removed from the body of your paper (i.e. your name, university, footnotes referencing classes or coursework, etc.).
Full-length articles must include a table of contents with page numbers corresponding to the submission's headings and sub-headings. The table of contents cannot have more than 3 levels of headings (i.e. headings, sub-headings, and sub-sub-headings).
All submissions must also include a covering letter to the editors outlining the original contribution of the submission to Canadian legal literature. The cover letter should be included as the first page of the manuscript, before the table of contents, and once more as a separate document on the submissions page. If you would like to include proposed revisions to your submission to guide senior board commentary and research, please include your comments in the covering letter.
All full-length article submissions must include an abstract, the length of which must not exceed 200 words. Full-length submissions without an abstract will not be accepted.
The abstract page should be placed after the table of contents and should include 6 key phrases for database searching. A "phrase" may be a maximum of 3 words or strings of characters (e.g. "Charter section 7" or "Charter s 7" count as 3 words each).
All submissions must include citations in footnote format. Submissions with endnotes are not accepted for review. The Law Review adheres to the style guide of the Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation, 8th ed (Toronto: Carswell, 2014) ("McGill Guide"), and footnotes must conform fully to the principles set out in this Guide.
Students at American law schools may submit articles with footnotes set out in compliance with The Bluebook; however, if such a submission is selected for publication, the footnote style must be converted to that of the McGill Guide before the submission is prepared for production.
Submission deadlines can be found on the "Submit a Paper" page. The deadline for Issue 1 is always in September, while the deadline for Issue 2 is always in January.
Following these deadlines, the editors review the submitted papers in review cycles that run approximately ten weeks (ending in early November for the Issue 1 and early March for Issue 2). Although submissions are accepted at any time during the academic year, the Law Review does not review papers on a rolling basis, nor does it offer expedited review.
Notification of Selection Results
Authors submitting for the Winter issue (Issue 1) will generally be notified that their manuscript has been provisionally accepted for publication by mid- to late-November. Authors submitting for the Spring issue (Issue 2) will generally be notified by mid- to late-March.
No exceptions will be made to notify an author in advance of the general deadline. Authors will be notified of the results of the Law Review's selection process via e-mail whether or not their paper is selected for publication.
Selection and Publication Process
The Law Review strives for transparency in its submission evaluation, selection, and publication processes. The following is a brief description of these processes and the related policies adopted by the editors of the Law Review. If you have further questions about the internal practices of the Law Review, please contact email@example.com.
It is the policy of the Law Review to evaluate all submissions anonymously, with respect both to the author's identity and the law school of origin. All submissions accepted for consideration by the Law Review are therefore "blinded" by the Editorial Manager before they are distributed to the reviewing editors. This means that all identifying information (names of the author(s), faculties, etc.) are removed from the body and footnotes of the paper. The cover page is replaced with a form cover that includes a reference name for the paper (a combination of letters and numbers) and the title of the submission.
Once blinded, each submission is distributed to one of eight Law Review cell groups that make up the first line of review. The cell groups are as follows: criminal & constitutional law, corporate law, environmental & energy law, intellectual property law, international law, legal theory, private law, and public law. The cell groups consist of law students at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law. Each cell group thoroughly reviews each submission assigned and decides by way of vote whether or not to send a paper to the senior board for further consideration. Papers that are not passed on to the senior board are rejected at this stage of the process.
The senior board makes the final decision whether or not to publish any given submission. While the cell groups advise the senior board by way of written and oral commentary for each paper, editors of the senior board individually review each paper voted as potentially publishable by the cell group members. In addition, senior readers (generally graduate students who have a research interest in the subject matter of the submission) are secured on an ad hoc basis to advise the board on the substantive merits of submissions. Based on the senior editors' individual determinations and the advice of the cell groups and senior readers, the senior board votes on whether or not to publish a paper.
Publication Process for Selected Articles
The Law Review reserves the right to make substantive changes to manuscripts accepted for publication, including changes to format and style to improve grammar, spelling, and clarity, and to ensure that the submission conforms to the Law Review style. Moreover, the Law Review reserves the right to refuse or withdraw acceptance from, or delay publication of, any manuscript for whatever reason.
Once a submission has been accepted for publication, authors will have an opportunity to make a final set of changes before the production editing process begins. Authors should regard this version of the manuscript as the final version of the paper. While it will be the responsibility of the author(s) to conduct further research (e.g. to correct citations) as required by the editors of the Law Review, only minor changes in style and content will be accommodated once production begins. If substantive changes to the manuscript are required, the provisional acceptance for publication of the submission may be withdrawn or deferred for a subsequent issue. The authors will have one further opportunity to review typeset proofs and correct typographical errors before publication.